Among the numerous objectives set by the partners of the LIFE AMDRYC4 project is the implementation of adaptation measures to climate change in rainfed agriculture based on the recovery of ecosystems, and the improvement of natural capital and biodiversity, to generate agrosystems productive and resilient to climate change. In this way, the aim is to reverse a situation of problems that feed off each other positively, such as a greater impact of climate change, abandonment of farmland, or loss of soil due to erosion, using as a solution the diversification of agricultural habitats, the promotion of biodiversity and functionality from the productive and ecological point of view.
Through action C3, adaptation actions based on natural ecosystems associated with rainfed farms in areas affected by climate change, actions have been carried out on 17 hectares of almond farms in Nogalte and Corvera, ranging from reintroductions from islands of vegetation in areas of steep slopes to stop erosion, to planting cereals and legumes for green manuring as a measure to protect the soil and generate organic fertilizer.
After the work carried out, the bare soil in the areas of steep slopes has given rise to an ecosystem made up of esparto grass (Stipa tenacissima), Kermes oak (Quercus coccifera), blackthorn (Rhamnus lycioides), albaidas (Anthyllis cytisoides), carob trees (Ceratonia siliqua), olive trees (Olea oleaster) and belcho (Ephedra fragilis), among others.
Plantings have also been carried out between crop lines, using almost 4,400 plants of Dorycnium pentaphyllum, Coronilla juncea or Anthyllis cytisoides, which serve as functional margins for the crop, and which reflect positive signs of water retention, erosion control and lodging. of pollinators and beneficial fauna for almond cultivation.
As part of these actions, the results are observed annually with the green fertilization work, which is carried out annually with the sowing and burying of barley, oat, yeros and vetch seeds, in quantities of between 80 – 160 kg/ha, that protects the soil, controls erosion and prevents the proliferation of weeds.